Names and Meanings of Rhee Tae Kwon-Do Hyung (Patterns)

Saja Chirugi
10th Kup
Means “four-direction punch”. This pattern is performed by the right and by the left.

9th Kup
Means literally “the Heaven the Earth”. It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth. It is said that the Pattern was named after Lake Chon Ji, a beautiful lake in North Korea with water so clear that you literally see the Heaven meeting the Earth.

8th Kup
Is named after the holy Tan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2333 B.C.

7th Kup
Is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

6th Kup
Was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.

5th Kup
Is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 380 Latitude and the diagram represents ” Scholar”

4th Kup
Is named after the patriot Ahn Chung-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea- Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910).

3rd Kup
Is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 370 Latitude, the diagram represents ” Scholar ”

2nd Kup
Is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.

1st Kup
Was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.